Gradual of Eighth Sunday After Pentecost

Psalm 30:3; 70:1

Be Thou unto me a God, a protector, and a place of refuge, to save me. V. In Thee, O God, have I hoped: O Lord, let me never be confounded.


Psalm 30

Verse 3. A God. Heb. “a rock of strength.” Sept. “a God who holdeth his shield over me,” uperaspisthn. H. — Refuge. Heb. “fortress.” C.

Psalm 70

Verse 1. Of the sons of Jonadab. The Rechabites, of whom see Jeremias xxxv. By this addition of the seventy-two interpreters, we gather that this psalm was usually sung in the synagogue, in the person of the Rechabites, and of those who were first carried away into captivity. Ch. — This first captivity happened under Joakim, A.M. 3398, the second, under Jechonias, 3405, and the last, when the city was destroyed and Sedecias w as taken, 3416. Usher. — The Rechabites entered Jerusalem a little before the first of these events, and set the people an example of obedience by submitting to Nabuchodonosor, as Jeremias directed. Bellar. M. — S. Jerom considers their being confined within the walls, as their first captivity. Ep. ad Paul. and ad Rust. — But there is nothing in this title in Heb. Euseb. &c. and several copies of the Sept. acknowledge the same; (C.) so that it is of no great authority. Bert. — The psalm contains the sentiments of the captives, (Theod.) or of David, persecuted by his son: and in a more sublime sense, of Jesus Christ, complaining of treason and cruelty. C. — All the saints, under persecution, may adopt the same language. Bert. — Hoped. These three verses are almost exactly the same. Ps. xxx. Bias “being asked what was sweet to men, answered, hope.” Laert.

  1. — Vain is the salvation of man. But hope confoundeth not. Ps. lix. 13. Rom. v. 5. C.

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