Tract of Fourth Sunday in Lent

Psalm 124:1-2

They that trust in the Lord shall be as Mount Sion: he shall not be moved for ever that dwelleth in Jerusalem. V. Mountains are round about it: so the Lord is round about His people, from henceforth now and for ever.


Verse 1. Canticle of thanksgiving, relating to the times of the Messias, (Abenezra) or to the Jews, who overcame the attempts of the nations at their return, 2 Esd. iv. and vi. Ven. Bede, &c. C. — It exhorts all to confide in God. Bert. — Trust. The Jews complied not with this condition, and are become vagabonds; but the faithful inherit this promise, (Heb. x. 19. Bert.) which is verified in the Catholic Church. S. Aug. — To be secure, like Sion, which is defended by other mountains, we must belong to her society. W. — The situation of Jerusalem was very advantageous. It was difficult to bring any cavalry against it, except by the way of Idumea. A handful of men might defend the passes leading to the north, as we see in the history of the Machabees.

Verse 2. About it. Coming from Joppe, travellers cannot see the city till they are very near it, though with respect to Judea, it is very elevated. Hence Josephus styles it “the navel of the land.” Bel. iii. 2. or 4. — The construction of the Vulg. is very natural. C. — For the promise regards the inhabitants, rather than the place, as Heb. would insinuate. — Lord. Zac. ii. 5. Heresiarchs have in vain risen up against the Church, though they were able men, like mountains. S. Aug.

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