Psalm 44:8, 5
Come thou, spouse of Christ, receive the crown which the Lord hath prepared for thee from everlasting: for those who love thou didst shed thy blood. Thou hast loved justice and hated iniquity: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. With thy comeliness and thy beauty set out, proceed prosperously, and reign.
Verse 8. God. Sym. Qee. Theophyl. — Elohim is used in both places, (H.) with a singular verb, as being spoken of the Deity. S. Iræn. iii. 6. Bossuet. D. — “O Elohim, thy Elohim,” (H.) which implies more than one person in God. Bert. — Many king might be preferred to Solomon; but Christ was raised above all. W. — Fellows. In consequence of the free gift of God, in uniting the human nature to the second person, the Messias advanced in glory; (H.) or rather the prophet speaks of his subsequent merits, which entitled him to the greatest felicity. — The oil of gladness, alludes to the reward of his labours. Dia touto seems to require this sense, though the Heb. may be rendered, “because.” Bert. — Either the cause or the effect may be meant. M. — Solomon was chosen before many of his elder brothers; but Christ was anointed by the Holy Ghost. Acts x. 38. C.
Verse 5. Proposition. Heb. “riddle.” Bert. — The ancients delighted in parables, which required attention to discern the meaning, and thus people had the pleasures of ingenuity. Music often accompanied their precepts. Strabo i. 12. C. — Utile dulci. H. — The psalmist intimates, that he had attended the best masters, (C.) even the Holy Ghost. S. Chrys. — He delivers the instructions which he had received from God, on the instrument of ten strings, to imply that we must keep the ten commandments. W. — He listens if the instrument be in tune. C.