Introit of Septuagesima Sunday

Psalm 17:5,6,7

The sorrows of death surrounded me, the sorrow of hell encompassed me: and in my affliction I called upon the Lord, and He heard my voice from His holy Temple. Ps. I will love Thee, O Lord, my strength: the Lord is my firmament, my refuge, and my deliverer. V. Glory be to the Father.


Ver. 5. Sorrows…iniquity. Heb. “cables…Belial.” By these figurative expressions, David declares to what dangers he had been exposed. They seem to be more applicable to our Saviour’s agony. Bert. — The wicked were constantly laying snares for both. We have the same idea enforced in the next verse. H. — The words are put into the mouth of fallen man, in the mass for Septuagesima. W.

Ver. 7. Called. All these words are in the future, 2 K. and Heb. H. — But as they relate to an event that was past, they seem to be as well expressed here as they are in Duport’s Greek Psalms. Bert. — Both are true; as David had prayed, and would continue to pray, for God’s protection; otherwise he would have deserved to lose it. We must always pray, and never faint. H. — Temple, “from my heart;” (S. Aug.) from the tabernacle at Gabaaon, (Lyran) or from heaven. Chal. Euseb. C. — Earnest prayer is the best remedy against temptations and affliction. God will not fail to hear those who are sincere, as he did the prophet. W.


2133: The Authors and the Time of the Composition of the Psalms

[Reply of the Biblical Commission, May 1, 1910]

Question V: Whether in appearance the Davidian origin can be denied to those psalms which are cited in the Old and New Testament distinctly under the name of David, among which to be considered before the rest come: psalm 2, Quare fremuerunt gentes; psalm 15, Conserva me, Domine; psalm 17, Diligam te, Domine, fortitudo mea; psalm 31, Beati, Quorum remissae sunt iniquitates; psalm 68, Salvum me fac, Deus; psalm 109, Dixit Dominus Domino meo?–Reply: In the negative.

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