Gradual of Twenty-first Sunday After Pentecost

Psalm 89:1-2

Thou hast been our refuge from generation to generation. Before the mountains were made, or the earth and the world was formed from eternity and to eternity Thou art God.


Verse 1. God. This characterizes the Jewish legislator. Bert. Deut. xxxiii. 1. D. — David composed it in his name, (M.) or it bears some analogy with his writings. S. Jerom maintains, that he was the author of the nine following psalms, (C.) which have no title in Heb. T. — But S. Aug. thinks they would then have formed a part of the pentateuch. C. — The life of man was longer in the days of Moses than seventy or eighty years. Bell. v. 10. — Moses cannot be the author of the 94th and 95th psalms. W. — In the xcviii. 6. Samuel is mentioned, and it is not necessary to haver recourse to the prophetic spirit. One of the descendants of Moses, during the captivity, may have been the author, (C.) or David may have predicted that event. H.

Verse 2. Formed. Heb. “brought forth.” Job xxxviii. 8. C. — Here Origen improperly concluded the sentence. S. Jer. Ep. ad Cypr. — God, is not in Sept. Syr. or ancient Latin psalters. C. — Al signifies both God, and not, and seems to be twice explained in the Vulg. as Heb. omits not, v. 3. H. — The sentence would be very striking, if God were left out, as it is done by Houbigant. The eternity of matter is refuted by this text. Bert. W. — God’s eternity is contrasted with man’s short life. C. — New gods must of course be false. M. — Plato asserted, that “the creator of all must be unbegotten and eternal.” Plut. Conviv. viii.

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